“是的，迦摩羅人啊！你們的懷疑、你們的迷茫是正當的；因為對于一件可疑的事，是應當生起懷疑的。迦摩羅人啊！你們要注意不可被流言、傳說、及耳食之言所左右，也不可依據宗教典籍，也不可單靠論理或推測，也不可單看事物的表象，也不可溺好由揣測而得的臆見，也不可因某事物之似有可能而信以為實，也不可作如此想：‘他是我們的導師。’迦摩羅人啊！只有在你自己確知某事是不善、錯誤、邪惡的時候，你才可以革除他們......而當你自己確知某事是善良的、美好的，那時你再信受奉行。”["Yes, Kalamas, it is proper that you have doubt, that you have perplexity, for a a doubt has arisen in a matter which is doubtful. Now, look you Kalamas, do not be led by reports, or tradition, or hearsay. Be not led by the authority of religious texts, not by the delight in speculative opinions, nor by seeming possibilities, nor by the idea: 'this is our teacher'. But, O Kalamas, when you know for yourselves that certain things are unwholesome(akusula), and wrong, and bad, then give them up ... And when you know for yourselves that certain things are wholesome(kusula) and good, then accept them and follow them." - The Kalama Sutta]
所謂「沒有什麼值得我們去擁有或成為」，其實等於說：「沒有什麼值得我們去執取」。「擁有」是指費盡心思去得到財產、地位、財富或任何討人喜歡的東西。「成為」是指堅持「自我形象」的意識、認為自己的身份是丈夫、妻子、富有的人、貧窮的人、贏家、輸家、人類、或甚至自我的意識（the awareness of being oneself）。如果我們能切實且深入地去觀察，就算「成為自我」也非是樂趣，而是一件令人疲倦、厭煩的事，因為成為任何東西的努力嘗試即是痛苦之源。如果一個人能夠完全放棄執取成為自我、或任何自我形象，那麼他將不再感受苦惱。這就是所謂的「要體會沒有什麼值得去成為」的意思，它就是所謂「無論成為什麼皆會為此感受到相應的苦惱。當有「我」的時候，自然有「非我」而又屬於「我」的東西。於是，一個人便有他的孩子、他的妻子、他的這個、那個、或另外一個。跟著，他便有丈夫的責任、或者妻子、主人、奴僕等等的責任。事實上，找不到任何狀態是可以不用掙扎就可以繼續保持的。為繼續保持某種（所欲成為的）狀態所需的煩憂與掙扎，只不過是盲目依戀事物或執取的結果罷了。 [不要假冒，以為自己已知或洞悉它，要有足夠的謙虛去學習和觀察，宜依「佛法」去觀察，讓「佛法」是你獲得至上洞察前的最後拋棄。]
【附錄英文原文】 The expression "Insight into the true nature of things" refers to seeing TRANSIENCE, UNSATISFACTORINESS AND NON-SELFHOOD, seeing that nothing is worth getting, nothing is worth being, seeing that no object whatsoever should be grasped at and clung to as being a self or as belonging to a self, as being good or bad, attractive or repulsive. Liking or disliking anything, even if it is only an idea or a memory, is clinging.
To say that nothing is worth getting or being is the same as to say that nothing is worth clinging to. 'Getting' refers to setting one's heart on property, position, wealth, or any pleasing object. 'Being' refers to holding onto the awareness of one's self-image, identifying with one's status as husband, wife, rich man, poor man, winner, loser, or human being, or even the awareness of being oneself. If we really look deeply at it, even being oneself is no fun, is wearisome, because trying to be anything is a source of suffering. If one can completely give up to cling to the idea of being oneself, of any self-image, then one will no longer suffer. This is what it is to see the worthlessness of being anything, and is the gist of the statement that being anything, no matter what, is bound to be suffering in a way appropriate to that particular state of being. When there exists 'oneself', there are bound to exist things which are other than that 'self' and belong to it. Thus one has one's children, one's wife, one's this, that and the other. Then one has one's duty as husband or wife, master or servant, and so on. There is no state of being such that to maintain it will not involve struggle. The trouble and struggle necessary to maintain one's state of being are simply the result of blind infatuation with things, of clinging. [Do not feign that you already know and have insight and act falsely. Be humble enough to hold on to learning and 'seeing'. Rely on Buddha's Dhamma to help your seeing. Let it be the last thing you give up for supreme final insight. ]
I hear, I forget. I see, I remember. I do, I understand. I practice, I master. I master, I enjoy.
Doing demerit is easy. Doing merit is difficult. In Dhamma practice, you must know what is demerit and overcome it with merit by constant practice. 作惡易，行善難；在佛法修行之中，你要知什麼是惡，然後不斷地行善來克服惡。
Know whatever arises, as it arises, when it arises, in the bare fact of its arising. Be mindful of just this. Let no thoughts of 'me' or 'mine' interfere... e.g. do not consider that this is anicca, this dukkha and this anatta. All thinking, reflection and consideration are conceptual. They are not vipassana. 對於任何事情，在其剛剛發生時，就要如其發生時的本身事實去覺知（察覺、意識）到它，只須如是專注（留心地觀察）著它，不可讓任何“我”或“我的”思想所左右…。例如：不要考慮這是無常、這是苦、這是無我等。所有思維、反省、考慮等均是概念性的東西，它們都不是內觀（直觀、直覺、現觀、Insight）。
You must actually train yourself, not just read or think about it. Even meditating won't get you far if you do not practice the entire path(The Noble Eightfold Path) - especially its key aspects of developing right understanding, making strong discerning effort and practicing continuous mindfulness. [Eight Mindful Steps to Happiness by Henepola Gunaratana] 你要踏實地鍛鍊自己，單靠讀書或思維是不夠的，假使你不全面修習八正道，特別是其中關鍵性方面的培育正見，精進覺察，以及不斷修習正念（四念處），縱使禪修也幫你不大。
Ability is what you're capable of doing. Motivation determines what you do. Attitude determines how well you do it. （Lou Holtz - American football coach）[Attitude is a complex mental state involving beliefs, feelings, values and dispositions to act in certain ways.] 能力是你可以做什麼，動機決定你會做什麼，態度則決定你做得好不好。
True success only comes to those who work harder on their selves than they do on their job.
Forget about likes and dislikes. They are of no consequence. Just do what must be done. This may not be happiness, but it is greatness. If we reach greatness, or simply do what needs to be done, we cannot help but happy.
Here`s the learning process in a nutshell. Attention makes us receptive to information, which we process together with prior knowledge, until we arrive at conclusions and understanding, which we then apply and test for confirmation
The first thing a trainer should do is get the learner`s attention. I`m not talking about a joke or a shout, both proven attention-getters. I`m talking about helping the learner understand why today`s training is important to them. Why should the learner work hard to master this stuff? If you can answer that, you are well on your way. [You are your trainer!]
Some thoughts on teaching and learning from the Danish philosopher Soren Kierkegaard
If we wish to succeed
in helping someone to reach a particular goal
we must first find out where he is now
and start from there.
If we cannot do this,
we merely delude ourselves
into believing that we can help others.
Before we can help someone,
we must know more than he does,
but most of all,
we must understand what he understands.
If we cannot do that, our knowing more will not help.
If we nonetheless wish to show how much we know,
it is only because we are vain and arrogant,
and our true goal is to be admired,
not to help others.
All genuine helpfulness
starts with humility before those we wish to help,
so we must understand
is not a wish to dominate
but a wish to serve.
If we cannot do this,
neither can we help anyone.
We Sow What We Reap
There is an old proverb which states:
Sow a thought, reap an action; 一個思想衍生出一個行為
Sow an action, reap a habit; 一個行為衍生出一個習慣
Sow a habit, reap a character; 一個習慣衍生出一個性格
Sow a character, reap a destiny. 一個性格衍生出一個命運
Make the rest of your life the best of your life.
FIVE Contemplations [From AN 5.57 Upajjhatthana Sutta]
"There are these five facts that one should reflect on often, whether one is a woman or a man, lay or ordained. Which five?"
"'I am subject to aging, have not gone beyond aging.' This is the first fact that one should reflect on often, whether one is a woman or a man, lay or ordained."
"'I am subject to illness, have not gone beyond illness.' ...
"'I am subject to death, have not gone beyond death.' ...
"'I will grow different, separate from all that is dear and appealing to me.' ...
"'I am the owner of my actions, heir to my actions, born of my actions, related through my actions, and have my actions as my arbitrator. Whatever I do, for good or for evil, to that will I fall heir.' ..."
"These are the five facts that one should reflect on often, whether one is a woman or a man, lay or ordained."
"Good health and good sense are two of life's greatest blessings" [Publilius Syrus]
Man, left to his own impulses and desires, will undoubtedly destroy himself.
Hope for the best, prepare for the worst.
Do not think that the worst thing will surely happen.
Whatever changes, the law of cause and effect retains the same.
No matter how difficult it was yesterday, we can always begin again.
Your best teacher is your last mistake. - Ralph Nader
The words printed here are concepts. You must go through the experience. - Carl Frederick
If you attach to the senses, you're the same as a fish caught on a hook. - Ajahn Chah
Your practice is like raising a duck. Your duty is to feed it and give it water. If it grows fast or slow its the duck's business not yours. Let it go and just do your own work. - Ajahn Chah
“Whenever you have feelings of love or hate for anything whatsoever, these will be your aides and partners in building parami. The Buddha-Dhamma is not to be found in moving forwards, nor in moving backwards, nor in standing still. This, Sumedho, is your place of non-abiding.” - A short note to Ajahn Sumedho from his teacher Ajahn Chah 3 weeks before he got a serious stroke 「無論何時，也無論你針對何人、何事、何物，一旦生起愛欲或憎恨時，它們就是幫你建造度彼岸（涅槃）大船（波羅密）的助手與夥伴。前進、後退或站定皆無法找到佛法，蘇美多啊！這就是你無住之處。」 -- 這是阿姜查在他嚴重中風前三星期寄給他的一位外國弟子蘇美多的短簡。
What Is STRESS? (From http://www.teachhealth.com/)
We are all familiar with the word "stress". Stress is when you are worried about loosing your job or worried about having enough money to pay your bills. In fact, to most of us, STRESS IS SYNONYMOUS WITH WORRY. If it is something that makes you worry, then it is stress.
Your body, however, has a much broader definition of stress. TO YOUR BODY, STRESS IS SYNONYMOUS WITH CHANGE. Anything that causes a change in your life causes stress. It doesn't matter if it is a "good" change, or a "bad" change, they are both stress. When you find your dream apartment and get ready to move, that is stress. If you break your leg, that is stress. Good or bad, if it is a CHANGE in your life, it is stress as far as your body is concerned.
Even IMAGINED CHANGE is stress. (Imagining changes is what we call "worrying".) If you fear that you will not have enough money to pay your rent, that is stress. If you worry that you may get fired, that is stress. If you think that you may receive a promotion at work, that is also stress (even though this would be a good change). Whether the event is good or bad, imagining changes in your life is stressful.
Anything that causes CHANGE IN YOUR DAILY ROUTINE is stressful.
Anything that causes CHANGE IN YOUR BODY HEALTH is stressful. IMAGINED CHANGES are just as stressful as real changes.
You can tell whether a man is clever by his answers. You can tell whether a man is wise by his questions. - Naguib, Mahfouz
Never discourage anyone who continually makes progress, no matter how slow. -Aristotle 當別人正持續進步時，縱使很慢很慢，請留意！千萬不可挫傷他/她們啊！ - 亞里士多德
We say we waste time, but that is impossible. We waste ourselves.
None will improve your lot if you yourself do not. -Bertolt Brecht
From Ven Ajahn Brahmavamso:
If you cannot remember 5 precepts, remember the following TWO: (1) DON'T DO ANYTHING THAT HURTS OTHER PEOPLE.
(If you do, you will be in fear that they will hurt you back later and they will, sooner or later.) (2) DON'T DO ANYTHING THAT HURTS YOURSELF.
(If you do, people who cares for you hurts as well.)
If you believe that severely depressed people care only for lightening their suffering, you don't know depression. Depressed people care greatly for not burdening others, for personal integrity, for political justice, and for finding meaning.
- Does Suffering Trump Happiness? By Martin E. P. Seligman
What should be done for his disciples out of compassion by a Teacher who seeks their welfare and has compassion for them, that I have done for you , Ananda? There are these roots of trees, these empty huts. MEDITATE, Ananda, DO NOT DELAY, or else you will regret it later. This is our instruction to you." -The Buddha - MN 152-
The Development of the Faculties - Indriyabhavana Sutta
By ourselves is evil done, by ourselves we pain endure, by ourselves we cease from wrong, by ourselves become we pure. No one saves us but ourselves, no one can and no one may; we ourselves must tread the Path: Buddhas only show the way." - Dhammapada 165
Definition of Attention in the Oxford Dictionary of Psychology : ATTENTION is sustained concentration on a specific stimulus, sensation, idea, thought, or activity, enabling one to use information-processing systems with limited capacity to handle vast amounts of information available from the sense organs and memory stores. 「注意、專心或留心」，在牛津心理學字典中的定義是：
ATTENTION defined by William James still holds true nowadays. William James, in his monumental book "Principles of Psychology (1890)", remarked:
" Everyone knows what attention is. It is the taking possession by the mind, in clear and vivid form, of one out of what seem several simultaneously possible objects or trains of thought. Focalization, concentration, of consciousness are of its essence. It implies withdrawal from some things in order to deal effectively with others, and is a condition which has a real opposite in the confused, dazed, scatterbrained state which in French is called distraction, and Zerstreutheit in German."
In his Principles of Psychology (1910 p424) William James writes: "The faculty of voluntarily bringing back a wandering attention over and over again is the very root of judgement, character and will. No one is compos sui (master of himself) if he has it not. An education which would improve this facility would be the education par excellence."
A chain is no stronger than its weakest link. 一條鐵鍊的強度，取決於它最薄弱的環節。
You can fool all the people some of the time, and some of the people all the time, but you cannot fool all the people all of the time. - By Abraham Lincoln
The deepest truth is the simplest and the most common. - By F.W. Robertson
What we love to do we find time to do. - By John Spalding
"These three things, monks, are conducted in secret, not openly. What three? Affairs with women, the mantras of the brahmins, and wrong views.
"But these three things, monks shine openly, not in secret. What three? The moon, the sun, and the Dhamma and Discipline proclaimed by the Tathagata." (AN 3:129; I 282-83)
Danger falling rocks!
Before most disasters there are warning signs ...
When we ignore the warning signs ...
We get hit by a pebble, then a rock ..., and then ... a boulder!
And then we say...
"It's not fair!"
The Universe is always nudging us with gentle signals ...
When we ignore the signals ...
We get a sledgehammer !
Unrest is the mark of existence. In a world where all is unstable, and nought can endure, but is swept onwards at once in the hurrying whirlpool of change; where a man, if he is to keep erect at all, must always be advancing and moving, like an acrobat on a rope—in such a world, happiness in inconceivable. How can it dwell where, as Plato says, continual Becoming and never Being is the sole form of existence? In the first place, a man never is happy, but spends his whole life in striving after something which he thinks will make him so; he seldom attains his goal, and when he does, it is only to be disappointed; he is mostly shipwrecked in the end, and comes into harbor with masts and rigging gone. And then, it is all one whether he has been happy or miserable; for his life was never anything more than a present moment always vanishing; and now it is over.
- On The Vanity Of Existence in "Studies in Pessimism" by Arthur Schopenhauer
We pursue our life, however, with great interest and much solicitude as long as possible, as we blow out a soap-bubble as long and as large as possible, although we know perfectly well that it will burst. - "The World as Will and Idea(or Representation)" by Arthur Schopenhauer
然而，懷著極大的興趣與擔憂，我們仍想在人生路上前進，希望走得越遠越好，就好像我們在吹肥皂泡時，雖然明知它會爆破，仍然希望吹得越久越好、越大越好。 - 叔本華著的《意志與表象的世界》
Being Grateful cultivates feelings of abundance. 感恩可培育富裕的感受
There is nothing new under the sun but there are lots of old things we don't know. - "The Devil's Dictionary" by Ambrose Bierce
THE BEST WAY TO ESCAPE FROM A PROBLEM IS TO SOLVE IT. - Alan Saporta
Mother Teresa said, "Kindness is a language we all understand. Even the blind can see it and the deaf can hear it."
Nothing is particularly hard if you divide it into small jobs. - Henry Ford
Men are not prisoners of fate, but only prisoners of their own minds. - Franklin D. Roosevelt
How and When are the Five Precepts Broken?
(1) Refraining from killing living beings
- there is a living being, you perceive it is living,
you intend to kill it, you make an effort, and it dies.
(2) Refraining from taking what is not given
- there is an article owned by another, you perceive it is such,
you intend to take it, you make an effort, and it is taken away.
(3) Refraining from sexual misconduct
- there is someone protected by another,
you intend to have intercourse, you make an effort,
there is consummation.
(4) Refraining from speaking falsey
- there is a falsehood, you intend to deceive, you make an effort,
someone understands the meaning.
(5) Refraining from liquor, wines, or intoxicants which cause heedlessness
- there is intoxicats, you intend to take them, you make an effort, you take them.
The accumulation of one person's bones during one aeon would be a mass as big as a mountain - so said the Great Sage, the Buddha.
From The World's Current Death Rate, Over 150,000 People Die Every Day. Confronting the mortality of the world around us (as well as our own mortality) can lead us to reflect more earnestly about our priorities - and provide us with a sense of urgency of purpose. Statisticians have calculated the "mortality rate" for the world to be roughly .883 percent. This means that 1 out of every 113 people in the world died last year. Based on this rate, here is an estimate of the incidence of death among people now living in the world:
* 1.78 deaths per second
* 107 deaths per minute
* 6,390 deaths per hour
* 153,000 deaths per day
* 56.0 million deaths per year
* 3.9 billion deaths per average lifetime (70 years)
FIVE Strengths :
(1) FAITH in the Awakened One, His Teaching and the Community of Worthy Ones.
(2) ENERGY to remove bad thoughts and prevent them arising, to establish good thoughts and maintain them.
(3) MINDFULNESS of the nature of the body, feelings, mind and phenomena.
(4) CONCENTRATION of gaining the first, second, third and fourth absorption.
(5) WISDOM of knowing suffering, its arising, its cessation, and the path to cessation.
Anyone can become angry -- that is easy. But to be angry with the right person, to the right degree, at the right time, for the right purpose, and in the right way -- this is not easy. - Aristotle
The ultimate value of life depends upon awareness and the power of contemplation rather than upon mere survival. - Aristotle
The secret to humor is surprise. - Aristotle
I count him braver who overcomes his desires than him who overcomes his enemies. - Aristotle
"Counsels and Maxims" by Arthur Schopenhauer:
He who has taken to heart the teaching of my philosophy—who knows, therefore, that our whole existence is something which had better not have been, and that to disown and disclaim it is the highest wisdom—he will have no great expectations from anything or any condition in life: he will spend passion upon nothing in the world, nor lament over-much if he fails in any of his undertakings. He will feel the deep truth of what Plato says: [Greek: oute ti ton anthropinon haxion on megalaes spondaes]—nothing in human affairs is worth any great anxiety; or, as the Persian poet has it,
Though from thy grasp all worldly things should flee,
Grieve not for them, for they are nothing worth:
And though a world in thy possession be,
Joy not, for worthless are the things of earth.
Since to that better world 'tis given to thee
To pass, speed on, for this is nothing worth.
Any man who tries to be good all the time is bound to come to ruin among the great many who are not good. - Niccolo Machiavelli
Good judgment comes from experience, and often experience comes from bad judgment. - Rita Mae Brown
What gets us into trouble is not what we don't know, it's what we know for sure that just ain't so. -- Mark Twain
The 6 ways monks care for lay people:
* They endeavor to hold people back from unskillful activities.
* They encourage them to do good.
* They send them loving-kindness.
* They teach them skillful and profound things they have never heard before.
* They correct and clarify their thinking.
* They point the way to refined levels of Happiness.
From《Abhidhamma in Daily Life》 by Ashin Janakabhivamsa: SATI (Mindfulness)： Recollection, remembering or heedfulness, are definitive terms for mindfulness which is known as sati in Pali. There are various forms of sati. For example,
* one recalls the meritorious deeds performed in the past;
* one listens attentively so that one can remember the Dhamma discourses.
* While meditating, one concentrates deeply not to lose the object of meditation. Such is the nature of sati. Sometimes you look forward to meritorious deeds to be done tomorrow or in the future. You take care to observe morality (Sila) and do not breach any precepts. You are mindful to restrain the arising of greed, pride and ignorance. You recall the counsels of your teachers. 【Only such forms of mindfulness concerning wholesome matters are collectively called SATI (mindfulness).】 Such true mindfulness is also called APPAMADA（不放逸）- without remissness, watchfulness, vigilance. Therefore when a bhikkhu administers Sila precepts to lay devotees, he always reminds thus at the end of giving precepts, "Appamadena sampadetha - be ye without remissness in doing meritorious deeds." 「正念」：回想、記憶、密切注意、留心等都是「正念」的定義性字眼，它的巴利文是 Sati。「正念」有不同的表現形式：
From《Abhidhamma in Daily Life》 by Ashin Janakabhivamsa:
Following the example of King Milinda, good people should often practice restraining their minds even if it is for one or two days for just one morning so that evil thoughts that habitually arise shall not appear. By repeating practice of restraining their minds, evil thoughts will get diminished and they will become noble and virtuous with development of faith and knowledge. Evil thoughts that occur will not appear for many days.
The mind guides the world.（心帶領世間）
The mind leads the world.（心指導世間）
All beings have to submit to the will of the mind.（所有眾生皆聽從心意去做）
If you can't explain it simply, you don't understand it well enough.（若然不能簡單地解釋它，那表示你了解得不夠好。） - Albert Einstein
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